Semantics of Complement Clause as Direct Object of Verb (Part 3 of 7)
7 minute read Finite Verb Complement Clause Finite Verb Complement clause can be a reported speech introduced by complementizer ‘that’, or ‘wh – indirect question words’ (what, who, which, when, where, why, how), or ‘if’ or ‘whether’. She called to inform that she will be late for the meeting. She wanted to know who the chief guest is. She asked when I will be ready for pick up. He enquired if/whether there is any ATM nearby. Finite Verb Complement clause can be a content clause introduced by complementizer ‘that’, or ‘wh – indirect question words’ (what, who, which, when, where, why, how), or ‘if’ or ‘whether’ I knew that she was lying. She decides who gets what. She knows how the system works. Some still believe that earth is flat. She knows how eggless millet cake is made. We discussed how the damage can be minimised. I cannot remember when and where I have seen him earlier. I wonder whether I made mistake by investing in crypto currency. The purchase manager decides if, when and which goods have to be reordered. She explained why clean energy is after all not as clean as it is made out to be. The team own the Treasure Hunt because they could rightly guess every time where the next clue is. Finite Verb complement can take subject which is relative definite pronoun (what, who, whom, which) or indefinite pronoun (anything, everything, something, somebody) or relative indefinite pronoun (whatever, whosoever, whichever, whomsoever). These pronouns serve as object of both main verb and non-finite verb. I got what I had wanted. You can choose to eat whatever you like. He wrote down in detail whatever he recalled. I was free to choose whichever sweet and cake I wanted. The principal will appoint whomsoever minister recommends. Here you get whatever (whichever ingredient/ anything/everything) you need for rituals. The following are examples of finite clause of indirect object. I will gift this to whoever scores highest. I will gift this to whomever you recommend. Non-finite Infinitive Clause as Verb Complement A: Non-Finite Infinitive Clause which can also be paraphrased with ‘THAT Content Clause’ as Direct Object Infintive#1: Verbs followed by ‘that content clause’ in future tense and having subject same as main clause Examples of main Verbs which license this construction: agree, decide, decline, determine, hope, promise, threaten, undertake. These are cognitive verbs for action based on judgment or logic or analysis or will/ volition. The non-finite clause of these verbs describe potential action which is also the content implied by the verb.
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