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Participial Adjective

Learning Outcome What are participial adjectives What is the difference in their use as pre-modifier and post-modifier Why ‘interesting game’ and ‘interested residents’ are correct But ‘interesting residents’ and ‘interested game’ do not sound correct Participial Adjectives ending in -ing or –ed are derived from verb and therefore ‘verb-ing’ or ‘verb-ed’. 1) Board games interest him.[verb] [It is incorrect to say :’He is (gets) interested by board game’. However, ‘Loud music annoys me. = I get annoyed by loud music.’] 2) Board games are of interest to him.[noun as object of preposition] 3) He has interest in board game.[noun] 4) He finds board games interesting. [predicate adjective as complement of direct object –‘board game’] 5) This is an interesting board game. [attributive adjective of nominal subject complement – ‘board game’] 6) This board game is interesting (to play). [predicate adjective expanded with complement of ‘to-verb’ infinitive phrase] 7) He is interested in board game. [predicate adjective expanded with complement of prepositional phrase] 8) He has some friends who are interested in board game. [predicate adjective in relative clause expanded with complement of prep. phrase] 9) He invited friends interested in board game. [post-modifier adjective phrase] 10) He invited interested friends for board game.[attributive adjective in object noun phrase] 11) Interested friends got together to play board game. [attributive adjective in subject noun] 12) Some friends were annoying.

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Introduction to Adjectives

Adjective or adjective phrase as a part of speech not only modifies noun/noun phrase but with right choice, adjectives can be a very powerful tool for expressing an idea forcefully, creatively and viv


Adjectives which can be used before a noun or noun phrase are called attributive or pre-modifiers. These adjectives can be of single word or compound but not an adjective phrase where an adjective is


Predicate Adjective is a subject complement. It describes state of subject or defines subject distinctively or provides information on subject and used at the end of sentence after linking verb like i

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