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1. NOUN and its Basic Types

A noun is a word that names a Person (man/carpenter/ Mr.Satish), Place (river/ Delhi/ home), Thing (plant/ car/ bird), Activity/Process (swimming/ song/ sports), idea/concept (theory / plan / justice), or emotions (love/ fear/ anger) Noun as Subject and Subject Complement: Sonia1 is a teacher2 [1: subject, 2: subject complement] Noun as Objects: Pass me[2] the salad[1]. [1: direct object; 2: indirect object] Noun as Object Complement: The jury declared the culprit[1] a convict[2]. [1: direct object, 2: object complement] Noun as Appositive: My sister, Sonia[1], is a teacher.[1: appositive] Noun as Noun Modifier: chess[1] player [1: a noun modifying another noun ‘player’] Noun as Object of Preposition: The book is on[1] the table[2]. [1: preposition, 2: object of preposition]. Nouns can be classified in three broad ways namely: 1) Proper and Common Noun 2) Concrete and Abstract Noun 3) Collective Noun. Concrete Noun, Abstract Noun and Collective Noun may be further be subdivided into Count(able) and Non-Count(able) nouns.

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Nouns which can be added by counting are Countable Nouns. Apart from being common and concrete nouns these nouns are also required to be discrete. Examples are: two chairs/ spoons/ shirts/ cups/ stati

Abstract Nouns which are strictly uncountable, are sometimes modified with typical modifier-quantifier to make the Abstract Noun Phrase singular or plural.

In the following examples of Abstract Nouns, one must carefully notice the use of prepositions and type of noun which follows it, based on the meaning, type and syntax of root verbs. One such example

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